How to layout a floor plan?

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How to layout a floor plan? One of the most essential tools in the arsenal of any builder is the floor plan. Floor plans represent the first of many activities that commences the start of a house construction. In itself, floor plans are the bird-eye views of the entire building, it details in lines how the house will pan out.

Layout a floor plan

A floor plan or house plan is simply the two-dimensional line drawing showing walls and rooms of a structure as though viewed from above. In a floor plan, what you see is simply the PLAN of the FLOOR. It is as simple as piecing out the two words that make it up, can it be any simpler?

As important as a floor plan is, it will not get itself done. Someone has to lay it out and draw it to scale. Since the floor plan is usually like a map, it is important to draw it to scale to ensure flexibility. It is also important that the floor plan should be simple and easy to work with. All of these qualities are essential in laying out a workable floor plan.

Usually, the drawing of the floor plan is the exclusive responsibility of the architect. Today, with the improvement in the usage of computer software, it will not be out of place if you attempt to piece together your floor plan yourself. Even if you will give the plan to an architect, it helps to communicate what you would like to see to him.

What should you consider before getting started with a floor plan layout?

  • Versatility

In the next ten years, what do you think your house would be? Would it be able to fit into that purpose? This is the entire aim of versatility, being able to transit seamlessly between different functions.

  • Size

When drawing out the plans for a room or hallway, think of the maximum number of people that can be in the hallway or room at any particular time. This will give you a fair idea of whether you should increase the size of the room.

  • Ideal room layout

Ensure that bedrooms are far from entertaining spaces. Areas of privacies like the bathroom and toilets must not face common entertainment spaces e.g. dining rooms or living rooms. Most people prefer having the kitchen close to the dining or living rooms so whoever is cooking can interact with guests.

  • Find the balance

Sometimes the practicality and structural architecture can stand in each other’s way and it is up to you to find the balance you need. Consider your needs and lifestyle before you rubber stamp the floor plan. Before you fall in love with high, arching staircases, think about the practicality of heating, the safety of your children. Make sure that the plan is one that is going to work for you, else keep finding the balance. You will get it, definitely!

With these considerations in mind, how then do you go about designing and planning the floor plan?

  • Choose an area

You have to first determine the area that the floor plan will cover; this is usually mental first before you start drawing on paper. Once you have decided on the areas to be drawn, the task can get underway.

  • Draw to scale

Before undertaking a floor plan drawing, you should learn to draw to scale. It is important, if however, you only intend to roughly sketch, you might jettison it. With modern software, drawing to scale is no stress at all.

  • Draw walls

The walls are the segmenting lines for each space, use walls to show distinctions between different places. Be sure they are drawn to scale too.

  • Add architectural features

Once you have your wall in place, it is time to add core part of the building to the plan. Doors and windows definitely lead the way. Some floor plans also include appliances like the refrigerator, dishwasher, dryer that are location specific.

There is no need to be hung-ho on being correct at the first go. You can always adjust the plan.


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